Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Es gibt schätzungsweise über Triaden in China, die oft miteinander Bündnisse schließen. Symbol der Triaden ist der Drache (vgl. Yakuza), der nach. Jetzt online bestellen! Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an Identity von Barend Haar | Orell Füssli: Der.
Übersetzung für "Chinese Triad" im DeutschThe Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates (English Edition) eBook: Charles River Editors: medicine-no.com Triaden siehe: Murray, The Origins of the Tiandihui: The Chinese Triads in Legend ) zwischen Großbritannien und dem Kaiserreich China der Qing-. Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben.
Chinese Triads What is their history in Hong Kong? VideoThe White American Who Climbed the Ranks of the Chinese Mafia - The White Devil
In , 63 people — including 16 schoolchildren, the youngest being years-old — were arrested in an undercover Triads bust.
The 4 stands for the four oceans that surround China and ultimately, the universe. He was first hit by a car and surrounded by men armed with knives.
Tai Lung was slashed at multiple times and the suspects fled. Their escape vehicles were found, but torched. Peng Miaoji, the leader of a gang in Henan, cut the throats of 40 victims.
He was caught in and executed along with 7 of his men. The Golden Dragon Massacre put the triads on the map at least, in the mainstream consciousness in the United States.
Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.
The triads have a patriotic reputation, but their deepest allegiance is to cash, said Lo T. Wing, a professor at City University of Hong Kong who researches triads.
In the past decade, gang members have sometimes carried out assaults in Hong Kong with political implications. Kevin Lau, the former chief editor of Ming Pao, a prominent Hong Kong newspaper, was seriously injured in a knife attack in During the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement demonstrations later that year, a gang of men, including several believed to have triad connections, attacked a protest encampment in the Mong Kok district in Kowloon.
Public anger grew after the police chief, Peter Fitzroy Godber, was found in to have hundreds of thousands of dollars in overseas accounts.
Yip Kai-foon, a professionally-trained gunman, was another well-known Hong Kong gangster. He lead a small gang notorious for robbing jewelry stores and kidnaping rich businessmen, sometimes exacting huge ransoms.
He ran a crime network in Hong Kong and Gunagdong Province. Yip was captured in but he escaped from prison four years later after pretending that he had a stomach ailment.
In , he pulled off one of Hong Kong's most spectacular crimes. After robbing a jewelry store, he held off police by firing an AK over their heads on busy Nathan Road.
In and , Yip's gang kidnapped the sons of two of Hong Kong's richest and most powerful businessmen and demanded multimillion dollar ransoms.
In , Yip was shot three times by a rookie policeman and paralyzed. Two years later he was sentenced to 40 years in prison in a sensational trial.
Now he is in wheelchair in a cell in maximum-security Stanley Prison. Zhang Jun lead a gang that killed more than 30 people and committed 17 robberies in five provinces between and A big fan of Hong Kong gangster films, he reportedly copied many classic cinematic Triad moves such as forcing lieutenants and mistress to show their loyalty by killing people at his whim.
He earned his nickname with his purchases of dozens of dozens of top-of-the-line sport cars, including a shocking yellow Lamborghini.
Cheung was arrested for the armored car robbery and sentenced to 18 years but he got out after three years on a technicality. While in jail he made friends with loan sharks who reportedly chained people inside their houses and burned them if they didn't pay their debts.
Cheung held such a grudge against the police for his experience in jail, he rammed a bulldozer into a prison guardhouse and firebombed the house of Hong Kong's Secretary of Security.
Cheung was the son of a poor laborer. Before he became a big time gangster he ran some gambling dens in Hong Kong and made a living as a professional gambler.
After hitting the big time he traveled the world playing games of chance. He thinks I'm a genius, and I think he's a genius. That way, I don't have to kill him or do anything to him, because I wasn't really the loser.
Cheung's gang once smuggled 1, pounds of explosives from Guangdong into the Hong Kong. He worked with Yip on several crimes and developed a plan to kidnap high-profile Hong Kong politician Anson Chan.
In a crime that went wrong, his gang accidently killed a businessman kidnapped in Shenzhen by tying tape so tightly around his mouth he suffocated to death during a two hour ride from Shenzhen to Guangzhou.
Although Kwok refuses to discuss the matter and claims it never happened, Newsweek reported that his car was forced off the road by kidnappers and he was taken away.
A similar scenario happened to Li. He was taken away after his purple limousine was forced off the road and reportedly kept in a refrigerator with air holes drilled in it.
Some of Big Spenders gambling loses were regarded as methods to launder his money. Cheung was arrested in mainland China.
Usually, when a criminal who is wanted on charges in Hong Kong is caught in the mainland, Hong Kong police want him back. But that was not the case with Big Spender.
Worried that he might get off again in Hong Kong and well aware of the harsh punishments that awaited him in China, Hong Kong refused to try to get him back.
In December , Cheung and several members of his gang were found guilty of smuggling explosives and kidnapping, sentenced to death and executed within hours.
It was the first time that a Hong Kong resident had been executed under Chinese law. Later 32 of Big Spenders "accomplices" Hong Kong residents and 14 from the mainlandwere rounded by Chinese police.
Afterwards one police official said, "All the lone gangsters are out of the scene now. The Big Spender case has had the effect of scaring everyone else.
In , the government passed laws which allowed police to expropriate the legitimate financial assets of Triad members.
Even so prosecutors have difficulty nailing Triad members for big crimes partly because of human rights laws in Hong Kong that prevent entrapment.
Hidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from November All articles lacking in-text citations All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with unsourced statements from July Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong.
They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region. Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image.
After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active. On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.
The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.
According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations. The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong.
Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade.
Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece.
The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.